Shifting from toxic fossil and nuclear fuels to hydrogen made from the sun, wind and water with waertime-speed.
Some Problems Cannot Be Avoided . . .
The Yellowstone Caldera
But the economic collapse and the chemical contamination of the USA
and the global human community never needed to happen
Note the U.S. National Debt increased exponentially from less than $1 trillion in 1970 to nearly 18 trillion by January of 2014, and that does not include over 140 trillion dollars in unfunded liabilities for Social Security and Medicare that are not included in the numbers. Moreover, according to Bill Gross, a principal of the Pacific Investment Management Corporation (PIMCO) which owns over a trillion dollars of government securities, the real cost of the banker bailout was over $50 trillion. Such mind-boggling numbers are simply unsustainable.
As such, it is easy to understand why investors like Carl Icahn, who was characterized on the December 16, 2013 cover of Time magazine as "Master of the Universe" and "the most important investor in America" (and Wall Street) "there is too much easy money that has been propping up the earnings for too long." Icahn's conclusion was that "This market will break. But I have no idea when."
The value of the U.S. Dollar has also been exponentially decreased by the secretive private bankers in the Federal Reserve, which is why the value of the Dollar has dropped by more than 90% just since 1970. A new Chevrolet Impala in 1970 would typically have cost $3,500, whereas the comparable Chevrolet today would typically cost over $35,000. As such, a $10 per hour rate in 2014 is equivalent to earning $1.00 an hour in 1970, and if one is making $100,000 in 2010, they would be making an equivalent of $10,000 in 1970. So much for any economic progress for the vast majority of Americans.
For a an amazing graphic overview of the current fiscal cliff we are rapidly approaching, please refer to the www.usdebtclock.org website.
It is important to note that The Oil Age graph shown above was prepared and published by the Oil & Gas Journal,
a well-respected industry publication, and many analysts believe the
peak of this curve was passed in 2005, which is just past the peak of
the curve. It is like being on a roller coaster and the exponential
plunge that is now coming underscores why a Solar Hydrogen Economy needs
to be implemented with wartime-speed even without considering the major
climate change concerns that have been well-documented for many decades
by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS), as well as all of the
other similar national academies of science in Europe and Asia. While
there will continue to be debate in the scientific community as to the
details of the cause and effect relationships, no one disputes the fact
that abrupt climate change is now underway, and it is progressing far
faster than was predicted in the 1980s and 1990s.
The Chemical Contamination Problem
The Phoenix Project
Rising from the Ashes of Non-Renewable Energy, Economic & Biological Resources
to a Democracy and "Solar Hydrogen Economy" with wartime-speed
Unlike other energy plans proposed by the last eight Presidents, Al Gore, John McCain and or T. Boone Pickens, the Phoenix Project plan to shift to a Solar Hydrogen Economy is the only detailed technical and economic proposal that can make the U.S. energy independent of not just imported oil, but all fossil & nuclear fuels by 2020, by mass-producing wind and other solar powered hydrogen production systems that could have been mass-produced in the 1920s.
Solar Hydrogen Energy Technologies
There are a wide range of solar energy technology options, including photovoltaic cells, that generate electricity from sunlight quietly with no moving parts, as well as solar thermal technologies, which include line-focus trough systems, central receiver power towers, and point-focus dish engine systems. Other solar technologies include wind, wave, ocean current and ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems. Of all of these primary options, wind systems have been able to generate electricity for significantly less cost, although recent major advances have dramatically increased the efficiency and simultaneously reduced the cost of photovoltaic systems.
A residential home powered with photovoltaic solar cells
However, with the exception of OTEC systems, which will be discussed in more detail later, all of the other solar technology options have a fundamental problem that has limited their use, which is that they are intermittent. The sun only shines during the day, and only if the weather permits, and wind systems often operate at night, when there is little or no need for the electricity. Thus wind and solar technologies are typically only able to operate about 30% of the time, and no one can predict when that 30% of the time will be. As such, most solar technologies are unpredictable. Utility companies refer to this problem as "dispatchability," which simply means when someone flips a light switch, they expect the power to go on 24/7, regardless of weather conditions (unless of course storms knock out all of the power). That is why utilities prefer to use power plants that are fueled by coal, natural gas and other fossil fuels or uranium-fueled nuclear power plants.
The Holy Grail of Energy
The Hydrogen Atom
Hydrogen is the simplest, lightest and most abundant element in the
universe, and it has long been viewed as the Holy Grail of energy and
sustainability because it can unite all energy sources with all energy
uses, and it can be a completely non-toxic and carbon-free, "universal
fuel" that can displace the use of gasoline, diesel fuel, natural gas
and all other fossil and nuclear fuels worldwide by powering every
existing vehicle and power plant with wind-powered hydrogen production
and engine conversion technologies that were in use in the 1800s.
electricity, hydrogen can be stored and transported in trucks,
pipelines and ships, and delivered to markets worldwide, and unlike
electricity, hydrogen is a universal fuel that can power any existing
engine, power plant, or appliance, including a Coleman stove operating
on a mountain top, as well as the engines of the Saturn V Moon Rockets
and the Space Shuttle.
Hydrogen makes solar technologies practical for large-scale use because it solves the intermittent problem of the wind and other solar technologies by passing the electricity from the wind and other solar technologies through water, which causes the water (H2O) to be split into its primary elements of hydrogen and oxygen. This process is referred to as electrolysis, and it was first officially demonstrated in the year 1800. Thus if the wind is blowing in the middle of the
night, it doesn't matter because the electricity can be used for
hydrogen production, and hydrogen is the only "universal" fuel can then be used to power any
existing automobile, aircraft, ship, train or power plant that is now
fueled by coal, diesel, natural gas or uranium. As such, hydrogen
production is what makes wind and other solar technologies dispatchable
and therefore practical.
Benjamin Franklin was one of the early and passionate investigators of electricity, and in June 1752 he attached a metal key to the bottom of a dampened kite string and proceeded to fly the kite in an electrical thunderstorm. A succession of sparks jumped from the key to show that lightning was indeed electrical in nature, but producing and using electricity was a difficult process, and it was not until the year 1800 that an Italian scientist, Alessandro Volta, demonstrated that it is possible to predictably produce an electrical current by soaking paper in salt water, with zinc and copper electrodes on opposite sides of the paper so the current could flow from the chemical reaction.
With this predictable source of electricity, it only took a few weeks before Sir Anthony Carlisle, an English surgeon and his colleague William Nicholson, a renowned English chemist, discovered that when the electrical current was passed through water, a process now called electrolysis, the water molecules (H2O) are separated into hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O).
It is important to note that the process of electrolysis is approximately 60 to 80 percent efficient, which means more energy is used than is generated from the process. This is only a problem if the electricity is being generated from a depletable energy resources like fossil or coal nuclear fuels, but if the electricity is provided by a renewable solar energy resources, the resulting solar hydrogen system can operate indefinitely.
The first hydrogen fueled automobile was built in 1807, and in the 1920s and 1930s, thousands of engines and vehicles in UK and Germany, including submarines, were modified by Rudolph Erren to use hydrogen and gasoline interchangeably. In 1923, the use of sea-based wind powered hydrogen production systems was proposed at Cambridge University by John Haldane, a professor of genetics and biochemistry who was well aware that photosynthetic plants had been making hydrogen from water with sunlight for billions of years.
However, it was not until the 1974 that the first international scientific and engineering conference on hydrogen energy was organized and Chaired by T. Nejat Veziroglu, a professor of engineering at the University of Miami, who was also Director of the university’s Clean Energy Institute. The Conference was held in Miami Beach, Florida and it was called "The Hydrogen Economy Miami Energy (THEME) Conference," where the concept of a Hydrogen Economy was formally proposed.
The International Association for Hydrogen Energy (IAHE.org)
"T. Nejat Veziroglu
Professor of Engineering & IAHE President
Making Hydrogen from the Sun, Wind & Water
Note the spherical hulls in the Windships both above and below, where the crew will live and work, using the electricity from the wind turbines to to separate seawater into oxygen and hydrogen, while providing a vast sanctuary for the fish and other marine organisms.
OTEC plants are the only solar energy system that operates 24-hours a day, seven days a week, regardless of weather conditions, and OTEC systems generate vast quantities of fresh water and seafood as by-products. Wind systems could also be installed on top of the OTEC system.
Primary Solar Hydrogen Production Systems
In addition to conventional land-based wind systems and other solar technologies, such as photovoltaic cells, either sea-based Windship or Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) hydrogen production systems can also displace all fossil and nuclear fuels now used worldwide forever, while saving ocean ecosystems in the process. Hydrogen fuel can be manufactured from water with any source of electricity, but the Phoenix Project baseline assumptions focus on wind systems because they presently generate electricity for less cost than any other solar energy, fossil fuel or nuclear technology, and they can be rapidly mass-produced like automobiles on a scale to permanently displace the use of all fossil and nuclear fuels worldwide.
While the U.S. has vast land areas for wind systems, it has equally vast ocean areas that could be utilized. Sea-based "Windship" hydrogen production systems, like those pictured above, could in and of themselves allow the U.S. and other countries to eliminate the need to rely on the rapidly diminishing fossil and nuclear fuels, while providing a vast sanctuary for the remaining fish and marine organisms on the seabed floor that are in the final stages of being hunted into extinction. Indeed, according to a wide-range of scientific studies, the global ocean ecosystems are already over 90% dead, and deploying large fleets of sea-based wind systems may be the only action that will allow the remaining marine organisms to recover (please refer to the Ocean Destruction paper attached on the Papers button link on this websites navigation bar).
The sea-based wind system image on the top was provided courtesy of Norsk Hydro, whereas the lower image on the left of a Windship hydrogen production system was initially published by National Geographic in December of 1975 and was developed by William Heronemus, a former naval architect and Professor of Engineering at the University of Massachusetts, who pointed out that from a technology perspective, both OTEC and wind-powered hydrogen production systems could have been mass-produced in the 1920s. Note that the tugboat is delivering the crew that live and work in the submerged spherical hulls that also contain the electrolyzers that extract hydrogen from the seawater with the electricity generated by the wind turbines.
The OTEC system shown above on the right was developed by Lockheed in the 1970s, and Lockheed engineers also developed detailed designs on how to modify existing commercial aircraft to use liquid hydrogen fuel (see below). OTEC systems use the largest solar collector on the earth, the tropical oceans.
OTEC systems were first field tested in the 1920s, and they are the only solar power plants that can operate 24 hours a day because the temperature differentials in the oceans are constant. Like wind systems, OTEC systems could also displace all fossil and nuclear fuels now used worldwide, and they can be engineered to generate both vast quantities of fresh water and seafood as by-products. It is why mass-producing a mix of such renewable systems can provide sustainable prosperity without pollution for the global human community. While the Regan administration terminated the OTEC research and development effort, Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin) has continued to develop OTEC systems, and they have produced a must see video that is available on the Lockheed Martin website. You will not be disappointed.
A Solar Hydrogen Production Island
A Brief History of Hydrogen-Fueled Automotive Vehicles
While hydrogen has been used to fuel all of the Saturn V moon rockets and the Space Shuttles, in 1807 Francois Isaac de Rivaz of Switzerland designed the first internal combustion engine that ran inside the first automobile (below left). In 1860, Etienne Lenoir of France invented a hydrogen-fueled 1-cylinder, 2-stroke vehicle (below center), which was called the "Hippomobile." Norsk Hydro of Norway (which also developed the offshore wind system pictured above in this article) modified the pickup truck (below right) to use hydrogen fuel in 1933.
1807 1860 1933
In the U.S., Roger Billings, a young engineer in Provo, Utah first modified his family's lawnmower to use hydrogen fuel when he was still in high school, and in 1966, he proceeded to modify his father's Model A Ford (upper left) for his high school science project. In 1972, when he was a student at Brigham Young University, he and his team modified a Volkswagen (upper center) to operate on hydrogen, and they won first place for emissions in the Urban Vehicle Design Competition in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Atmospheric air is approximately 78% nitrogen and only about 22% oxygen, and the high combustion temperatures in internal combustion engines causes oxides of nitrogen (NOX) to form from the nitrogen in the air.
In order to reduce NOX emissions, Billings and other automotive engineers, including those at Los Alamos National Laboratory and BMW, have injected water into the cylinders to reduce the engine combustion temperature so the oxides of nitrogen would simply not be created in the first place. Indeed, the hydrogen-powered Volkswagen was shown to actually clean the ambient air and as such, it was given a negative number for unburned hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide. In 1977, Roger Billings designed a hydrogen-powered Cadillac Seville (upper right), as part of a Hydrogen Home project he developed.
A Hydrogen Hummer
In 2004, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger worked with the engineers at General Motors to have his Hummer modified to use gaseous hydrogen fuel as part of California's Hydrogen Highway project.
Hydrogen-Fueled Internal Combustion EnginesHydrogen is the only "universal fuel" that can power any existing internal or external combustion engine, appliance or power plant. As such, rather than waiting for costly fuel cells or other new hybrid or plug-in vehicles, it is far less expensive and much quicker to simply modify all of the existing internal combustion engines and vehicles to use hydrogen or gasoline with a flip of a switch. Hydrogen can be stored as a solid in hydride materials, as a compressed gas or a cryogenic liquid, which most closely simulates gasoline in terms of weight, range and volume.
Liquid Hydrogen-Fueled Vehicles
A 1979 liquid hydrogen (LH2) fueled Buick modified and tested at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, with a self-service pump and LH2 cryogenic storage Dewar.
Investigators at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in New Mexico modified the 1979 Buick pictured above to operate on liquid hydrogen fuel, which most closely resembles gasoline from a perspective of volume, weight and engine performance. The self-serve hydrogen pump is attached to a white cryogenic liquid hydrogen storage tank, and in their final report, the Los Alamos investigators led by Dr. Walter Stuart, concluded that liquid hydrogen could be safely used in vehicles by members of the general public.
Liquid Hydrogen-Fueled BMW Vehicles
BMW is the only major automobile manufacturer that has been modifying its vehicles to use liquid hydrogen for over 30 years because it is the only pollution-free fuel that does not force their customers to give up performance, range or the luxury of driving a full-sized vehicle. The hydrogen BMW still has its gasoline tank as a reserve tank, and the engine can use either fuel with the flip of a switch.
A Hydrogen-Fueled BMW V-12 Engine and Liquid Hydrogen Storage System
BMW has also modified its smallest and most fuel efficient vehicle, the Mini Cooper (upper left), to operate on liquid hydrogen, which is stored under the rear passenger seats, as well as the world's fastest liquid hydrogen-fueled race car, which has exceeded 180 mph.
Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Fuel cells, which were first developed in the 1800s, are able to create electricity from combining hydrogen and oxygen. Fuel cells were successfully used in the space program are also being developed for automotive applications, such as the General Motors "Hy-Wire" fuel cell vehicle that is pictured above. The Hy-Wire system that does not have any of the conventional mechanical parts between the driver and the wheels because like advanced aircraft, everything runs on electronic sensors and motors. However, the cost of fuel cells is still very high.
The initial small fuel cells used in vehicles being tested in California cost over a million dollars each, and even in mass-production, GM estimated that the cost of the fuel cells would still cost between $50,000 to $100,000, which would exceed the cost of the car itself. While fuel cells may be practical at some point in the future, given that the senior scientists at the National Academy of Sciences have stated that fossil fuels need to be phased-out within 10 years in order to avoid irreversible damage to the earth's climate and food production systems, the only practical solution is to simply modify existing vehicles and engines to use hydrogen as well as gasoline with the flip of a switch.
Oil Company Considerations
Given that large amounts of hydrogen are required to make gasoline from oil, the major oil companies are well aware of its use. However, all of the oil companies now obtain the hydrogen they need from nonrenewable natural gas and other hydrocarbon resources where the hydrogen atoms are chemically bonded to carbon atoms. Unfortunately, the oil companies are only focused on making hydrogen from natural gas, coal, uranium and other energy resources that are highly-polluting and rapidly diminishing worldwide.
Hydrogen Safety Considerations
Hydrogen is the simplest, most abundant and lightest element in the known universe, and because it is lighter than air, it goes up and away within seconds if a leak or accident occurs. This is why hydrogen is much safer than gasoline or other hydrocarbon fuels, where the hydrogen is chemically bonded to carbon, which is heaver than air, and therefore causes the hydrocarbon fuel to stick to passengers like glue and form explosive mixtures when leaks and accidents do occur.
While the images of the Hindenburg accident were horrific, it is important to note that according the the official accident report, two-thirds of the passengers and crew survived the accident.
In a carefully controlled test funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, DOE, Dr. Michael Swain and his colleagues at the College of Engineering at the University of Miami initiated similar fuel leaks with two identical vehicles. As the images below show, the hydrogen-fueled vehicle on the left suffered no temperature increase or physical damage to the passenger compartment, whereas the gasoline-fueled vehicle was totally consumed in flames in less than three minutes. This underscores the impact of carbon when it is combined with hydrogen to form a highly-deadly hydrocarbon fuel.
Given the images of the hydrogen-fueled vehicle on the left or the gasoline-fueled vehicle on the right, which vehicle would you choose to be in in the event of an accident?
Liquid Hydrogen Tankers
The liquid hydrogen tanker pictured (above left) was built in the U.S. in the 1970s by General Dynamics, and fleets of similar cryogenic tankers are now used worldwide, primarily for transporting liquid natural gas(LNG). However, unlike liquid hydrogen, LNG tankers and storage facilities are very dangerous because the hydrogen in natural gas is all chemically bonded to carbon, which allows the LNG to pool and form highly-explosive mixtures. The advanced liquid hydrogen supertanker pictured on the right, which looks more like a cruse ship, is being developed in Japan by Kawasaki Heavy Industries.
Hydrogen can be transported as a cryogenic liquid in tankers just as oil is, except that oil is highly toxic and dangerous if it is spilled, whereas hydrogen is completely non-toxic, non-polluting and relatively safe in the event of accidents or spills. If the Exxon Valdez was transporting liquid hydrogen instead of oil, no ecological damage would have occurred as a result of the accident. It is worth noting that even though the accident took place 20 years ago, the estimated 11 million gallons of oil that was spilled has never been able to be cleaned up and is still contaminating the Alaskan environment.
While the BP Oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 is estimated to have released over 200 million gallons of oil, according to the Oil in the Sea report published by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), over 1 trillion gallons of oil is released each year not from accidental spills, but from simply using the oil as a fuel and as a lubricant. This is a major factor why the NAS has warned that the use of oil and other fossil fuels are rapidly making the earth itself uninhabitable.
The Liquid Hydrogen "Supergrid"
The above image was generated by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)
Unlike electricity, hydrogen can be stored and delivered to national and international markets by cryogenic tanker trucks, ships or underground pipelines that can also be engineered to transmit electricity as well as the hydrogen. The so-called "Smart" grid proposals that are now being proposed by the Obama administration involve condemning private property in order to build thousands of miles of conventional unsightly and inefficient high-voltage transmission lines across the country, which will ultimately cost over a trillion dollars. The reason the conventional transmission lines are placed up in the air is because they are hot, which is due to the fact they are leaking energy, and the heat is then dissipated into the atmosphere.
The Phoenix Project proposal, by contrast calls for building a low-temperature cryogenic Interstate Hydrogen "Supergrid" System that was first proposed in the 1970s and is now being developed by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), which is the largest utility research group in the U.S. The hydrogen pipelines would be able to carry highly-efficient superconducting high-voltage transmission lines underground, as well as the gaseous and liquid hydrogen fuel that will be made from electricity ideally made from the wind and other solar and geothermal resources. As the Supergrid image above also shows, a magnetically levitated train could also be incorporated in the system.
Liquid Hydrogen-Fueled Aircraft and Spacecraft
In order to modify existing aircraft, Lockheed engineers in the 1970s simply located the two liquid hydrogen storage tanks (Dewars) in the fuselage of the aircraft. This would make hijacking the aircraft virtually impossible because the flight crew is separated from the passenger compartment by one of the liquid hydrogen storage tanks. The takeoff weight of the hydrogen-fueled aircraft was reduced by over 40%, the aircraft was stronger and much safer in the event of accidents; the wing area was smaller; and the engines were quieter and required less maintenance because hydrogen combustion does not produce organic acids or carbon deposits in the engines
A proposed Lockheed liquid hydrogen-fueled L-1011 aircraft shown above is being refueled by the two spherical highly insulated liquid hydrogen storage tanks (referred to as Dewars) that are located in the distance.
The Hydrogen-Fueled Saturn V Moon Rockets & Space Shuttle
Liquid hydrogen has been used as a primary rocket fuel because it has the greatest energy per weight of any fuel. This is why it has been used by NASA to fuel all of the Saturn V moon rockets as well as the fleet of Space Shuttles. Note the three liquid hydrogen-fueled engines, which are located on the tail of the Space Shuttle, where the light-blue hydrogen flame is almost invisible. This is in contrast to the solid-fuel rocket boosters (SRBs) that are located on the sides of the shuttle's main hydrogen and oxygen fuel tanks. While the hydrogen engines are essentially pollution free, the SRBs emit a highly toxic aluminum exhaust, which damages the atmosphere each time the Shuttle is launched. It is important to note that when the Columbia Space Shuttle exploded in 2003, it was not the liquid hydrogen systems that caused the problem, but the seals on one of the SRBs that failed, which then caused the spacecraft to explode, killing all of the astronauts on board.
The earth is the only planet in the known universe that can sustain humanity and the other mammals, yet the earth's biological life-support systems are in the final stages of being made uninhabitable because of humanities reckless exploitation, chemical contamination and mindless addiction to non-renewable fossil and nuclear fuels, which are both highly-polluting and rapidly diminishing worldwide. It is why a "transition of substance" to a Solar Hydrogen Economy needs to be implemented with wartime-speed (i.e., by 2020).
The Silver Bullet
The Phoenix Project plan will provide a fundamental solution to the energy and economic crisis, as well as many of the most serious environmental problems by rising from the ashes of oil and other fossil fuels to a Solar Hydrogen Economy with wartime-speed with technologies that could have been mass-produced in the 1920s.
It is important to note that the Phoenix Project plan that complies with the specifications and warnings of professor James Hanson, NASA’s chief climate scientist, and the senior scientists at the National Academy of Sciences, that fossil fuels need to be phased out within 10 years or humanity will pass a tipping-point of no return, which will destabilize the climate to such an extent that the earth’s primary food production systems will fail. Indeed, the tundra and methane ice crystals in the Arctic are now rapidly melting, which could release hundreds of times more carbon into the atmosphere than is now generated from burning fossil fuels, which underscores the need to shift to a Solar Hydrogen Economy with wartime-speed.
According to Hanson and other scientists, atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are already at 385 parts per million and they need to be less than 300 in order to minimize the impact of the worldwide global famines that have already begun. Scientific studies have documented that the global ocean ecosystems are now more than 90% dead from the free market forces of unregulated overfishing and the remaining fish are so contaminated from mercury and radioactive isotopes emitted from coal plants they are unfit to eat. The major forest ecosystems in the Rocky Mountains and the Cascades are being destroyed from the warmer temperatures, and the bees, which are critical in pollinating food crops, are disappearing, along with the bats and frogs as part of a global mass-extinction event that is already well underway. This time it is not the reptiles, but the mammals that are at risk.
There is a remarkable precedent for such a transition of substance, because some 3.5 billion years ago, the earth's population of protein-scale nanobes and micron-scale microbes was also exponentially increasing, and as such, they were also faced with extinction because their non-renewable hydrocarbon reserves in the primordial soup were rapidly being consumed. Their solution was to re-industrialize their civilization around photosynthetic plants that could extract hydrogen from water with solar energy, and this system has been successfully working on a global scale with no pollution ever since.
A Renewable Rate of Return
Although President Obama has spoken about the need to emphasize renewable energy technologies, his expenditures are less than 1% of what are needed, and because he and his advisors assume there is no "silver bullet" solution, they are continuing to pursue all energy options, including offshore drilling, coal, corn-based ethanol and carbon and nuclear energy options that waste both time and money because they will never be able to make the U.S. energy independent -- much less energy independent of fossil and nuclear fuels, which are rapidly diminishing and highly polluting.
The U.S. currently spends over $1 trillion annually on energy, and to implement a wind-powered solar hydrogen energy system, approximately $6 trillion of the $9 trillion authorized for the financial bailout, would be needed to build and install the 5 million 2 megawatt wind systems that will be needed to displace not just imported oil, but all fossil and nuclear fuels now used in the U.S. -- as well as the engine conversion systems that will allow the existing fleet of 250 million automotive vehicles to use hydrogen or gasoline, diesel fuel or other hydrocarbon fuels interchangeably. An additional 15 million wind systems could then generate enough hydrogen to displace fossil and nuclear fuels worldwide, and because the U.S. has vast land and offshore wind resources, this reindustrialization effort has the potential to transform the U.S. from being the world's largest debtor nation and energy importer into a multi-trillion dollar hydrogen energy exporter with a fuel that is non-toxic, pollution-free, and exhaustible, thereby providing a renewable rate of return on the investment.
It is worth noting that unlike the current economic stimulus proposals, the Phoenix Project solar hydrogen re-industrialization effort would not be creating short-term make-work jobs, but millions of high-quality private sector jobs that would generate over a trillion dollars of wealth annually with hydrogen production and end-use technologies. And because solar-sourced hydrogen is both inexhaustible and pollution-free, it will fundamentally eliminate many of the most serious climate change and other environmental and related health care problems with technologies that could have been mass-produced in the 1800s. This underscores the fact that the obstacles to this “transition of substance” are not technical or economic -- they are political.
Elections come and go, but very little changes regardless of who gets elected. Given this reality, and given that the current two party system of government in the U.S. is so fundamentally corrupted by multinational oil and other corporations and other special interests, only a series of amendments to the U.S. Constitution can resolve the problem. As such, the non-profit Phoenix Project Political Action Committee is focused on organizing an Article V Convention in Washington D.C. to pass a number of critical amendments, including a Democracy amendment that would transfer political power from the lobbyists to the majority of U.S. Citizens, and a Fair Accounting amendment, which is the "trigger mechanism" for implementing a Solar Hydrogen Economy because it would require that the environmental, health care and military costs of toxic products such as oil, coal and uranium be factored into the costs of such products.
The Democracy Amendment
Perhaps the most critical change needed in the U.S. Constitution is the Democracy Amendment, which would transform the U.S. from being a Republic, which is rule by the tiny few, into a real Democracy, which is rule by the majority, where the majority of American citizens would have the power and responsibility to approve all legislation and judicial decisions, would essentially eliminate the power of lobbyists and the political corruption that they foster. Given this accurate definition of the language, it is obvious that the United States is not a Democracy, and virtually all of the so-called Democrats in the government are really Republicans.
While most people assume the U.S. already has a democratic form of government, such misinformation only serves the interests of corrupt elected officials and lobbyists who write the bills that most members of congress do not even read before they vote to approve them, which allows the lobbyists to run the Congress like a house of prostitution.
The key difference in a Republican form of government compared to a Democracy is that a Republic is "representative" government, which is in and itself rule by the tiny few (i.e., far less than one-half of one percent of the citizens in the USA are elected representatives), but given the way the seniority system in Congress works, an even much smaller number of Committee Chairman are empowered to not only conduct business in secret, but they alone get to determine which bills are even allowed to come to a vote in the Congress.
This means that lobbyists only have to bribe and otherwise influence a tiny number of the already tiny number of elected officials that are elected to the Congress, and with the unverified computerized voting machines that are easy to hack and are now in widespread use, even the elections are highly suspect. In a Democracy, however, the majority of the citizens would be in charge, which means the lobbyists would have to bribe literally millions of citizens in order to get their way. While the first democratic form of government was in ancient Greece, at present, the only country that has a true democratic form of government is Switzerland.
It will be possible to end the use of unverified voting machines, federal budget deficits, and the production of chemical and radioactive wastes, while having the resources to provide a universal non-profit healthcare system that would eliminate the need for health insurance, and no longer allow physicians to "operate" on commission. The outdated factory school systems could be rapidly replaced with ultra-high quality educational programs developed and produced by the very best educators and animators at little or no cost for all American citizens. These programs would allow each student to progress at their own speed, and emphasize critical thinking skills that should be used every time they analyze information. Such educational excellence should be provided at no cost on the internet, or be made available at a small cost on CD/DVDs. Details on these proposed amendments are available on the papers section of this website, and any comments or suggestions on any of these proposed constitutional amendments would be greatly appreciated.
Utopia or Oblivion
It is important not to forget that due to the Exponential Age in which we live, humanity is rapidly accelerating into a technological "utopia" of molecular medicine that by eliminating aging and disease will give birth to a new biocybernetic species: Homo Immortalis. Such extraordinary developments, however, are dependent on avoiding the ecological "oblivion" of mass-extinction that is already well underway. and the decisions made in the nest few years will determine which future evolves. For details on the critically important nature of exponential growth, please refer to the Phoenix Project video documentary and the Exponential Icebergs paper that are both posted in the video and papers section of this Phoenix Project Foundation website.
For a discussion of the ethical implication of such developments, please refer to the Revealing Science of God paper that is posted in the "Papers" section of this website.
Take Action Now and Become Part of the Solution
For more details on this transition of substance, please refer to the "Papers" and "Video" section of this website. You can also contact the Foundation or schedule Harry Braun for an interview by sending an email to the address listed below.
Phoenix Project Foundation
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